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Thursday, December 13, 2018

Where did the country Israel get its name?it never excisted till 1948.So Isreal in the bible was a people not a state

Where did the country Israel get its name? IT WAS NOT NAME ISREAL THEY TOOK THE NAME FROM THE BIBLE AND SLAP IT ON THEM TRUTH BE TOLD The name "Israel" first appears in the Hebrew Bible as the name given by God to the patriarch Jacob (Genesis 32:28). Deriving from the name "Israel", other designations that came to be associated with the Jewish people have included the "Children of Israel" or "Israelite". Land of Israel - Wikipedia Search for: Where did Israel get its name?w
People also ask What was Israel called before 1948? The Arab Palestinian economy collapsed and 250,000 Palestinian Arabs fled or were expelled. On 14 May 1948, the day before the expiration of the British Mandate, David Ben-Gurion, the head of the Jewish Agency, declared "the establishment of a Jewish state in Eretz-Israel, to be known as the State of Israel."it never excisted till 1948.So isreal in the bible was a people not a state Israel - Wikipedia
Between 1922 and 1948 the land was legally and officially under the rule of the British. It was officially called “Palestine” in English. In Arabic it was officially called “Falastin”, and in Hebrew it was officially called “Palestina (E.Y)”. The “E.Y” stands for “Eretz Yisrael”, as the Jewish community called it. During the Ottoman rule, the land was never a single administrative unit. The territory that forms what the Palestinians call “historic Palestine” was in the end of Ottoman rule splited between districts that were officially called “Kudüs-i Şerif” (Jerusalem), “Nablus” and “Akka” (Acre). These three districts were referred by Europeans as “Palestine”, and sometimes by locals as “Southern Syria”. The locals did not have any regional identity, they identified by their religious affiliation. During the Mamluk rule (13rd to 16th centuries) the land was considered part of Syria (“Bilad al-Sham”) and was either called “Filastin” or “Southern Syria”. During the Crusader period, there was kingdom there called the “Kingdom of Jerusalem”, and the land was referred by the Christians as the “Holy Land”. During the Early Arab period (7th to 12th centuries) the land was called “Jund Filastin”. During the Byzantine rule (4th to 7th century), the land was divided into three provinces called “Palaestina Prima”, “Palaestina Secunda” and “Palaestina Salutaris” (which includes most of modern day Negev and Sinai deserts). During the Roman rule the land had many different names. In the later periods (2nd to 4th centuries), the land was incorporated into the province of Syria, after the failed rebellion of the Jews against the Roman rule in 135 CE. It was called “Syria-Palaestina”. The Romans chose the name “Palaestina” in order to erase any Jewish ties to the land. Before that it was officially called “Iudaea” (i.e Judea). The origin of the name “Palaestina” is in Greek visitors from the 3rd and 5th centuries BCE, who referred to this land by this name, as there was an ancient nation called “Plishtim”, or “Philistines”, of Greek origin, who lived in the southern coastal area of the land. The Romans separated Iudaea from the “Galilaea” During the Jewish Hasmonean rule (2nd to 1st century BCE) the land was called “Yehuda” which is the Jewish pronunciation of “Judea” or “Judah”. For the Greek rule (4th to 1st centuries) I couldn’t find what were the official name of this land. It was referred as part of “Coele Syria” and sometimes called “Palaestina” by Greeks, who adopted the earlier Greek names. Obviously the Jews called it “Yehuda” or “Eretz Yisrael”. I found a map of Greek districts, these include “Judea”, “Samaria” and “Galilaea”. During the Persian rule (6th to 4th century) there was an autonomous Jewish province called “Yehud Medinata” (i.e. “Province of Judah”). Besides there were the provinces of “Shomron” and “Galil”. During the Babylonian and Assyrian rule (8th to 6th centuries), the land didn’t have a specific name, but the province of “Yehud” existed. The Assyrians who conquered the Kingdom of Israel in c. 720 BCE had a province called “Yisrael”, but it was only around the cities of Samaria and Nablus. Before the Babylonian and Assyrian rules, there were two independent kingdoms in the land, one based in Jerusalem and its name was the “Kingdom of Judah”, or “Mamlekhet Yehuda”, and one based in the city of Samaria called “Kingdom of Israel”, or “Mamlekhet Yisrael”, which is often refered as the “Northern Kingdom” or “Kingdom of Samaria”. These two kingdom broke from the united “Kingdom of Israel” during the 10th century BCE. Before the establishment of these kingdoms, the land was controlled by petty city states and among them were the tribes of Israel, mentioned in Egyptian scripts from the 13th century BCE. The land was refered by the locals as “Cna’an”, or “Canaan”. Canaan had three main cultures: the Canaanites, who the Israelites and Judeans emerged from (unless you believe the tale of the Egyptian captivity), the “Philistines” (refered as “Plishtim” or “Plishti” by Canaanites, “Pleshet” by Egyptians and as “Palashtu”, “Plishti” or “Plishtu” by the Assyrians. They lived in five city states on the southern shore of the mediterranean coast and are of a Greek origin. To the north, in modern day Lebanon and the northern coast of the Galilee lived a nation, who also refered to themselves as Canaanites, but were called by the Israelites and Judeans “Tzidonim” or “Sidonites”, after the city of Sidon, which was one of their main cities. These are the “Phoenicias”. The name Canaan may come from the Hurrians, who lived in Syria, and means “Land of Purple”, because the Phoenicians were the main producers of purple dye. It may also come from the Egyptian rulers, who also refered to Canaan sometimes as “Retjenu” when they ruled it several times during the 3rd millenium BCE.